There are a lot of conflicting things going on in the realm of gender.
The “in group bias study” is the not the only study that found the “Women are Wonderful” or “Benevolent Sexism*” (as feminists term it) effect. It’s the only one that used the implicit attitudes test.
We divide people into “patients” and “agents”; we respect agents and we sympathize with patients. If we want someone to stop the wolves we ask an agent but we are more likely to defend a patient from the wolves.
Agent(respect) or patient(sympathy). You don’t get to be both.
How does all of this apply to gender? We slot men into “agents”, which means we afford them respect (if they benefit others) but we also punish them severely should they fail at being “beneficial agents”.
We slot women into “patients” which means we don’t believe they can do much of anything(“hostile sexism”), but should they fail, we try our best to help them(“benevolent sexism”). (And here you go, there’s the answer that seems to be confounding our brightest feminist researchers… why hostile and benevolent sexism are linked.)
Now why do women who are seen not to follow their gender role subject to some censure? Because they’re relinquishing the protection of being a “patient” without having the respect of an “agent.”
And why are men who don’t follow their gender role subject to violent retribution? Because they are relinquishing the respect of an agent without having the protection of a patient.
Now this is all mediated by the fact that it is damn difficult to lose your “patient” status and extremely easy to lose your “beneficial agent” status. That explains why retribution against men is always more severe and more common(when they buck their role**) then retribution against women. (This is commonly termed “femmephobia.”) And women aren’t really being “punished” per se when they leave their gender role; rather they’re losing the protection of sympathy***.
There you have it. Everything you need to know about gender dynamics in a nutshell.
Simple and–sorry to have to say it, traditionalists–utterly fucking arbitrary.
*Male demonization trigger warning for that third link. It’s absolutely hideous.
**Yes, even in the Middle East. Men are shot if they wear women’s clothing. Or emo hair cuts. Or refuse military service.
***Some groups of women have less protection then others because they are perceived as overtly “stronger” and more agent-like.
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